Pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj)

Pilgrimage & Udhiyah

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[Ihrâm & Its Conditions ] [Rulings for Hajj & `Umrah ] [Sacrifices & Udhiyah ]


Allah has enjoined the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) upon all Muslim men and women once in a lifetime, provided they have sufficient means. It is one of the five pillars of Islam. It was prescribed in the sixth year after the emigration of the Prophet (peace be upon him) from Mecca to Madinah. Denying the obligatory nature of Hajj is tantamount to unbelief. A Muslim who has the ability to make Hajj and does not do so will be accountable on the Day of Judgment.

Allah says: “Pilgrimage to the house is a duty that humanity owes to Allah, those who have the means to undertake the journey [Sûrah Âl `Imran: 97]

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Islam is built on the five pillars: testifying that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger, establishing prayer, paying Zakâh, performing the pilgrimage to Mecca, and fasting in the month of Ramadân.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]

Hajj and `Umrah (the lesser pilgrimage) are among the good deeds that Muslims are urged to perform.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) was once asked: “What is the best deed?” He replied: “To have faith in Allah and His Messenger.” The enquirer asked: “What next?” the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “To strive in the cause of Allah.” The enquirer asked again: “What is the next best thing?” He replied: “An accepted pilgrimage. [Musnad Ahmad]

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever performs Hajj for Allah’s pleasure and avoids all lewdness and sins will return after Hajj free from all sins as he was the day his mother gave birth to him.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]

`Â’ishah once said: “O Prophet of Allah! Striving in the cause of Allah is the best deed. Should we (women) then, not actively participate in it?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “The best jihâd for you is an accepted Hajj.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]

Abu Hurayrah narrates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Hajj is the jihâd for the old, the weak, and the women.” [Sunan al-Nasâ’î]

`Abd Allah b. `Abbâs has relates that a man was riding his mount on the plain of `Arafât when suddenly he fell down and died. The Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Wash his body and bury him in his ihrâm garments (the two sheets worn by the pilgrim), leaving his head and face uncovered, for he will rise on the Day of Resurrection reciting the pilgrim’s call.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]


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